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Washington Natural Heritage Program
List of Rare Macrofungi
July 2012

Because the Washington Natural Heritage Program has not yet developed an adequate database of element occurrence data on fungi, precise ranking of rarity is not possible for some species. Consequently, all of these fungi have a state status of Review Group 1 (R1, of potential concern but needs more field work to assign another rank).

The following lists of macrofungi were compiled primarily by Dr. Joe Ammirati University of Washington. Michelle Seidl assisted with the preparation of the lists and made many helpful suggestions as to possible species for listing in Washington State. Jim Trappe and Nancy Weber provided information for the lists and continue to work toward a more complete listing for the region. Jan Lindgren, Tom Volk, Hal Burdsall, Currie Marr, Dave Largent, Scott Redhead and Jim Ginns also provided information for this list. There is stronger representation on these lists from western Washington than from eastern Washington, due partly to the lack of knowledge about eastern Washington macrofungi. No standard reference exists for macrofungi nomenclature. Updates to nomenclature were provided by Dr. Ammirati in 2011.

A key to rank fields appears below.


Priority 1 Macrofungi
Scientific Name
Author
Family Name
Global Rank
State Rank
Bridgeoporus nobilissimus (W.B. Cook) Volk, Burdsall & Ammirati Polyporaceae G3 S2
Entocybe speciosa(Lennox ex T. J. Baroni) T. J. Baroni, V. Hofstetter & Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Polyporoletus bulbosusAudet Albatrellaceae GNR SNR
Polyporoletus sublividus Snell Albatrellaceae G2 S2
Polyporoletus sylvestris(Overh. ex Pouzar) Audet Albatrellaceae GNR SNR
Squamanita contortipes (Smith & Stuntz) Heinemann & Thoen Tricholomataceae G1 S1
Squamanita odorata (Cool) Bas Tricholomataceae G3 S1
Squamanita pearsonii Bas Tricholomataceae G1 S1
Tricholomopsis fulvescens A.H. Smith Tricholomataceae G2G3 S1
Xeroceps skamania (Murrill) Audet Albatrellaceae G1 S1

Priority 2 Macrofungi
Scientific Name
Author
Family Name
Global Rank
State Rank
Alboleptonia subsericella (Murrill) Largent & Benedict Entolomataceae G1? S1
Amanita farinosa Schw. Amanitaceae G3 S1
Amanita lanei (Murrill) Sacc. & Trott. Amanitaceae G3 S1
Amanita novinupta Tulloss & Lindgren Amanitaceae G3 S1
Boletus pulcherrimus Thiers & Halling Boletaceae G2G3 S1
Claudopus parasiticus (Quel.) Ricken Entolomataceae G2? S1
Cortinarius boulderensis A.H. Smith Cortinariaceae G3G4 S2
Cortinarius olympianus A.H. Smith Cortinariaceae G2? S2
Cortinarius rubellusCooke Cortinariaceae G3? S2
Cortinarius rusticus P. Karsten Cortinariaceae G2? S1?
Entocybe nitida (Quel.) T. J. Baroni, V. Hofstetter & Largent Entolomataceae G2? S2?
Entoloma griseoavellaneum Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Entoloma lyophylloidium Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Entoloma subpolitum Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Gastroboletus ruber (Zeller) Cazares & Trappe Boletaceae G3 S1
Gastroboletus subalpinus Trappe & Thiers Boletaceae G1 S1
Inocephalus appressus Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Inocephalus azureus (Largent) Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Inocephalus minutopilus Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Leptonia atrifucata Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Leptonia coelestina (Fries) P.D. Orton Entolomataceae G2? S1
Leptonia ovatospora Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Lepionia pseudobulbipes Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Leptonia rostrata Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Leptonia subcoelestina Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Leptonia subgracilis Largent Entolomataceae Gl S1
Leptonia undulatella (Peck) Saccardo Entolomataceae G2? S1
Leptonia violacea (Kauffman) Largent Entolomataceae G2? Sl
Nolanea abbreviatipes Largent Entolomataceae Gl S1
Nolanea farinogusta (Arnolds & Noordeloos) Largent Entolomataceae G2? S1
Nolanea incanosquamulosa Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Nolanea occidentalis Murrill Entolomataceae G1 S1
Nolanea subviolaceoverna Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Paraeccilia nucisapora Largent Entolomataceae G1 S1
Pouzarella fulvostrigosa (B. & Br.) Mazzer Entolomataceae G2? S1
Ramaria amyloidea Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G3 S1
Ramaria aurantiisiccescens Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G3 S1
Ramaria celerivirescens Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G4 S2
Ramaria cyaneigranosa Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G4 S1
Ramaria hilaris var. olympiana Petersen Gomphaceae G1 S1
Ramaria lorithamnus (Berk.) Petersen Gomphaceae GG2Q S1
Ramaria maculatipes Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G3 S1
Ramaria rainierensis Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G2 S1
Ramaria rubribrunnescens Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G2G3 S1
Ramaria spinulosa (Pers.:Fries) Quel Gomphaceae GNRT2 S1
Ramaria stuntzii Marr Gomphaceae G4 S2
Ramaria verlotensis Marr & Stuntz Gomphaceae G1G3 S1
Russula stuntzii D. Grund. Russulaceae G1 S1


Description of Rank Codes
Global Rank (GRank)
Global Rank characterizes the relative rarity or endangerment of the element world-wide.
G1 = Critically Imperiled - At very high risk of extinction or elimination due to very restricted range, very few populations or occurrences, very steep declines, very severe threats, or  other factors.
G2 = Imperiled - At high risk of extinction or elimination due to restricted range, few populations or occurrences, steep declines, severe threats, or other factors.
G3 = Vulnerable - At moderate risk of extinction or elimination  due to a fairly restricted range, relatively few populations  or occurrences, recent and widespread declines, threats, or other factors.
G4 = Apparently Secure - At fairly low risk of extinction  or elimination due to an extensive range and/or many populations or occurrences, but with possible cause for some concern as a result of local recent declines, threats, or other factors.
G5 = Secure  At very low risk or extinction or elimination due to a very extensive range, abundant populations or occurrences, and little to no concern from declines or threats.
GH = Possibly Extinct - Known from only historical occurrences but still some hope of rediscovery.
GU = Unrankable - Currently unrankable due to lack of information or due to substantially conflicting information about status or trends.
GX = Presumed Extinct - Not located despite intensive searches and virtually no likelihood of rediscovery.
GNR = Unranked - Global rank not yet assessed.
G#G# = Range Rank - A numeric range rank (e.g., G2G3, G1G3) is used to indicate uncertainty about the exact status of a taxon or ecosystem type.
Rank Qualifiers
? = Inexact Numeric Rank - Denotes inexact numeric rank.
Q = Questionable taxonomy that may reduce conservation priority   Distinctiveness of this entity as a taxon at the current level is questionable; resolution of this uncertainty may result in change from a species to a subspecies or hybrid, or inclusion of this taxon or type in another taxon or type, with the resulting taxon having a lower-priority (numerically higher) conservation status rank.
Infraspecific Taxon  status ranks
T# = Infraspecific Taxon (trinomial) - The status of infraspecific taxa (subspecies or varieties) are indicated by a “T-rank” following the species’ global rank. Rules for assigning T-ranks follow the same principles outlined above.

State Rank (SRank)
State Rank characterizes the relative rarity or endangerment within the state of Washington.
S1 = Critically Imperiled - At very high risk of extirpation in the state due to very restricted range, very few populations or occurrences, very steep declines, severe threats, or other factors.
S2 = Imperiled - At high risk of extirpation in the state due to restricted range, few populations or occurrences, steep declines, severe threats, or other factors.
S3 = Vulnerable - At moderate risk of extirpation in the state due to a fairly restricted range, relatively few populations or occurrences, recent and widespread declines, threats, or other factors.
S4 = Apparently Secure - At a fairly  low risk of extirpation in the  state due to an extensive range and/or many populations or occurrences, but  with  possible cause for some concern as a result of local recent  declines, threats, or other factors.
S5 = Secure - At very low or no risk of extirpation in the state due to a very extensive range, abundant populations or occurrences, with little to no concern from declines or threats.
SH = Possibly Extirpated - Known from only historical records but still some hope of rediscovery.
SX = Presumed Extirpated - Species is believed to be extirpated from the state. Not located despite intensive searches of historical sites and other appropriate habitat, and virtually no likelihood that it will be rediscovered.
Rank Qualifiers
S#? = Inexact Numeric Rank - Denotes inexact numeric rank.
S#S# = Range Rank - A numeric range rank (e.g., S2S3 or S1S3) is used to indicate any range of uncertainty about the status of the species.
SU = Unrankable - Currently unrankable due to lack of information or due to substantially conflicting information about status or trends.
SNR = Unranked - Subnational conservation status not yet assessed
SNA = Not Applicable - A conservation status rank is not applicable because the species or ecosystem is not a suitable target for conservation activities.


Washington Natural Heritage Program - www.dnr.wa.gov/ResearchScience/Topics/NaturalHeritage/Pages/amp_nh.aspx
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Washington Dept. of Natural Resources, PO Box 47014, Olympia, WA 98504-7014